A bunion can be painful, especially in shoes or with certain activity.
Bunion (aka hallux valgus):
This is commonly seen as a "bump" on the side of the big toe. This reflects changes in the bony framework of the front of the foot. The big toe leans towards the second toe, throwing the bones out of alignment. Bunions are a progressive disorder and symptoms generally appear at later stages.
What are the symptoms of a bunion?
A bump on the joint at the base of the big toe
Difficulty moving the big toe
Red and swollen toe
Pain around the big toe joint, sometimes numbness
What can I try at home?
Wear wide, low -heeled shoes, or special shoes deisnged to have extra space around the big toe.
Do stretching exercises- this helps the toe and joints move better
Wear a bunion pad- this is a small cushion that keeps the big toe from rubbing against your shoe
Put a cold gel pack on the bunion for 15 minutes after exercising.
Take medications to reduce the pain such as Tylenol or Motrin.
How is a bunion treated?
If the treatments you have tried on your own don't help, a podiatrist may be able to help.
We may recommend a special shoe insert (called an orthotic) to align and support your toe during the day.
Injection therapy may help to relieve pressure from inflammation.
When conservative measures fail, surgery may be an option to realign the toe and remove the bony bump of a bunion.
Dynamic Foot & Ankle Recommends the following products that have been helpful to other patients in the management of bunions.